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U.S. Crude Oil Pipeline Projects: Western Refining To Build Pipeline

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April 17 (Reuters) - Oil pipelines in the United States are undergoing a historic realignment in response to new production in the Eagle Ford development in south-central Texas, redevelopment of older production in the Permian Basin and new flows of oil from the Midwest and Canada that have oversupplied Midwest markets.

Western Refining Inc plans to build a new pipeline in the Delaware Basin region of the Permian Basin in West Texas. The 40-mile, 125,000 bpd pipeline will move crude and condensate to a new gathering facility in Winkler County, Texas, from an existing gathering facility in Reeves County. Once at Winkler County, the crude and condensate will enter other pipelines for delivery to markets.

Western Refining expects the pipeline to start up by mid-2015.

Here is an updated list of 54 projects under way:




PROJECT: Gulf Coast Pipeline Project (southern leg of Keystone XL)

OPERATOR: TransCanada Corp

ORIGIN/DESTINATION: 487-mile, 36-inch pipeline from Cushing, Oklahoma, to Nederland, Texas; 48-mile lateral pipeline to Houston.

CAPACITY: Initial capacity of 700,000 bpd, expandable to 830,000 bpd

COST: $2.3 billion

STARTUP: Linefill began in December 2013, startup on Jan. 22, 2014.

PROJECT: Seaway pipeline reversal

OPERATOR: Enterprise Product Partners and Enbridge Inc

ORIGIN/DESTINATION: Cushing, Oklahoma, to Houston, Texas

COST: $300 million for initial reversal, $2 billion for final expansion with new parallel loop pipeline.

CAPACITY: 150,000 bpd initially, with first expansion to 400,000 bpd in January 2013 and further expansion to 850,000 bpd.

STARTUP: First crude began flowing from Cushing on May 19, 2012; First expansion started up Jan. 11, 2013; next expansion to start up by mid-2014.

PROJECT: U.S. Mainline/Spearhead North Line 62 Expansion

OPERATOR: Enbridge

ORIGIN/DESTINATION: Flanagan, Illinois to Griffith, Indiana

CAPACITY: 130,000 bpd to 235,000 bpd

COST: $500 million


PROJECT: Kinder Morgan Crude & Condensate (KMCC) pipeline and condensate processing facility in Eagle Ford.

OPERATOR: Kinder Morgan Energy Partners

ORIGIN/DESTINATION: Eagle Ford shale formation to storage and a condensate splitter facility in Galena Park, Texas, with access to the Houston Ship Channel

CAPACITY: Pipeline can carry about 300,000 bpd of both Eagle Ford shale crude and condensate in 65 miles of newly built pipe and 113 miles of a converted natural gas pipeline. Splitter will process 100,000 bpd of Eagle Ford condensate (expandable to 150,000) and provide 1.9 million barrels of storage capacity.

Pipeline expansions will connect its DeWitt County station to its Helena station in Karnes County (30 miles) and to the Gonzales Station (15 miles). A 27-mile, 100,000 bpd lateral connects to Phillips 66's 247,000 bpd refinery in Sweeny, Texas, including truck offloading capability in Dewitt and four storage tanks in Wharton County with 480,000 barrels of capacity. A 10-mile line will connect KMCC with the Double Eagle system.

COST: Pipeline $225 million; splitter $359 million; Sweeny $100 million; Helena $110 million; Gonzales $75 million; Double Eagle connection $45 million.

STARTUP: Pipeline started up June 14, 2012; Sweeny Lateral Jan. 2014. Helena extension Aug. 2014. Phase I of splitter, 50,000 bpd, delayed to November 20154 from June because of manufacturer delay in delivery of major component, remaining 50,000 bpd on target for 2Q 2015; Gonzales extension 1Q 2015. Double Eagle connection 1Q 2015. Galena Park facility July 2014 (50,000 bpd), Q1 2015 (100,000 bpd)

PROJECT: Double Eagle Pipeline

OPERATOR: 50-50 joint venture of Magellan Midstream Partners and Kinder Morgan Energy Partners.

ORIGIN/DESTINATION: Connects to 50-mile, 14- and 16-inch existing pipeline owned by Kinder, enabling delivery of Eagle Ford condensate to Magellan's marine and storage terminal in Corpus Christi from Three Rivers, Texas. Total project includes 140 miles of new 12-inch pipeline connecting to the existing line. Will build new 10-mile pipeline to connect Double Eagle with Kinder Morgan's KMCC.

CAPACITY: 100,000 bpd initially, expandable to 150,000 bpd

COST: $150 million

STARTUP: In May 2013 pipeline started moving condensate from Three Rivers to the Corpus terminal; announced Aug. 29 that the 85-mile western leg of the project from Gardendale in LaSalle County, Texas, to Three Rivers started up. New 10-mile connector and storage to be complete in early 2015.

PROJECT: Enterprise Crude Houston Oil (ECHO) Terminal and Houston area pipelines

OPERATOR: Enterprise Products Partners

ORIGIN/DESTINATION: Houston Ship Channel area

CAPACITY: Expansion approved to push storage capacity at the ECHO and Bertron facilities to more than 6 million barrels, with access to Enterprise's marine terminal at Morgan's Point on the Houston Ship Channel, and to be linked by pipeline to the Eagle Ford shale to the west. Expansion includes 55 miles of 24- and 36-inch pipeline to connect the terminal with major refineries in the southeast Texas market with an aggregate capacity of about 3.6 million barrels per day, including plants in Baytown, Beaumont, Port Arthur and Texas City.

COST: n/a

STARTUP: Initial phase with 750,000 barrels of storage capacity complete in November 2012; expansion to be completed in phases, with 900,000 barrels of storage added in the first quarter 2014 and fully built out by early 2015.

PROJECT: South Texas Crude Oil Pipeline system

OPERATOR: NuStar Energy LP

ORIGIN/DESTINATION: 110-mile, 12-inch and 8-inch pipeline from Frio, LaSalle and McMullen counties NuStar's 600,000-barrel storage terminal at Oakville in Live Oak County; then transports Eagle Ford crude to NuStar's 1.6 million-barrel Corpus Christi North Beach terminal via an existing 16-inch pipeline.

COST: Part of NuStar's $325 million acquisition of TexStar Midstream Services LP's 140 miles of Eagle Ford crude pipeline and gathering lines, and 643,400 barrels of storage assets; $65 million to $85 million to integrate and complete gathering and terminal assets.

CAPACITY: 100,000 bpd of crude and condensates.


PROJECT: Longhorn Pipeline reversal

OPERATOR: Magellan Midstream Partners

ORIGIN/DESTINATION: Reversed flow of Crane-to-Houston segment of Longhorn Pipeline, which had carried refined products from Houston to El Paso, Texas, and converted the line to transport crude; Announced Oct. 7 will build a new origin at Barnhart, Texas, about 75 miles east of Crane.

CAPACITY: 225,000 bpd in 2013; Will expand capacity by 50,000 bpd to 275,000.

COST: $375 million for first phase; $55 million for expansion; $25 million for new origin.

STARTUP: Started in mid-April 2013; reached 225,000 bpd in October 2013; expand capacity to 275,000 bpd by mid-2014 with rates reaching 250,000 bpd; new Barnhart origin to start up in early 2015.

PROJECT: Houma-to-Houston pipeline reversal

OPERATOR: Shell Pipeline LP

ORIGIN/DESTINATION: Houma, Louisiana, to Houston, Texas; reversal will run from Houston to Houma. Phase I delivers crude from connecting pipelines and terminals in Houston to Nederland and Port Arthur; Phase II extends reversal to move crude from Texas to Houma, St. James and Clovelly, Louisiana. Phase III expansion to add pumping capability to the Texas-only portion and Phase IV expansion to add pumping capability to the Nederland to Houma segment.

CAPACITY: Texas segment with Phase III expansion, 250,000 bpd; Texas to Houma segment with Phase IV expansion, 375,000 bpd; Houma to Clovelly 500,000 bpd; Houma to St. James, 300,000 bpd.

COST: $100 million

STARTUP: Phase I operational; Phase II Texas-to-Louisiana segments operational and linefill commenced ahead of mid-December startup; Phase III and IV early 2014.

PROJECT: Bakken Access Program

OPERATOR: Enbridge

ORIGIN/DESTINATION: Western North Dakota. Includes adding 26 miles of 16-inch pipeline between Enbridge stations in Beaver Lodge near Tioga, North Dakota, and Stanley; 29 miles of new 16-inch pipeline between Stanley and Berthold terminal; and expansion of Berthold with rail loading capability that can handle three unit trains at a time.

CAPACITY ADDED: 145,500 bpd pipeline capacity, additional 80,000 bpd of rail export capacity for a total of 120,000 bpd.

COST: $560 million for pipeline; $145 million for rail

STARTUP: March 2013

PROJECT: Toledo Pipeline (Line 79) Expansion

OPERATOR: Enbridge

ORIGIN/DESTINATION: Stockbridge, Michigan, to Toledo, Ohio

CAPACITY: Increased to 180,000 bpd from 100,000 bpd

COST: $197.57 million

STARTUP: May 2013

PROJECT: Pecos River Pipeline

OPERATOR: Blueknight Energy Partners LP

ORIGIN/DESTINATION: Pecos, Texas, to Crane, Texas, where a 16-inch, 36-mile line connects to Magellan Midstream Partners' reversed Longhorn pipeline to move Permian Basin crude oil to the Gulf Coast; a 29-mile extension will gather crude in Reeves, Culberson, Pecos and Ward counties.

CAPACITY: 150,000 bpd

COST: n/a

STARTUP: The 36-mile line started up Sept. 17, 2013; 30-mile extension startup pushed to first quarter 2014 from fourth quarter 2013; may extend pipeline by 10 miles into New Mexico.

PROJECT: Permian Basin Expansion Projects

OPERATOR: Plains All American

ORIGIN/DESTINATION: Various links extending, expanding crude oil lines in Permian Basin, West Texas.

CAPACITY: 145 miles of expansions of existing system to add total of 150,000 bpd in capacity in Texas, plus projects in southeast New Mexico

COST: $250 million

START-UP: Late 2012 through 2013




PROJECT: West Texas crude system

OPERATOR: Sunoco Logistics Partners LP

ORIGIN/DESTINATION: Three different projects to bring Permian basin crude to Gulf Coast market. West Texas to Houston line - 40,000 bpd, expandable to 44,000 bpd, will carry West Texas Sour and West Texas Intermediate at Midland; West Texas to Longview Access - 30,000 bpd, to carry Permian crudes to the Mid-Valley pipeline to the Midwest; West Texas to Nederland Access - 40,000 bpd

COST: n/a

STARTUP: West Texas to Houston and West Texas to Longview operational; West Texas to Nederland delayed by Exxon Mobil Corp's shutdown of its Pegasus crude oil pipeline that carries heavy Canadian crude to Texas from Illinois. The Sunoco line is connected to the Exxon line, which shut in late March when it spilled 5,000 barrels into an Arkansas housing subdivision. Sunoco is awaiting word from Exxon on restart.

PROJECT: Permian Express, Phase I

OPERATOR: Sunoco Logistics Partners

ORIGIN/DESTINATION: Wichita Falls, Texas to Nederland, Texas

CAPACITY: Initial capacity will be 90,000 bpd, expected to reach 150,000 bpd.

COST: n/a

STARTUP: Initial 90,000 bpd reached in June 2013, up to 150,000 bpd in late 2013 or early 2014.

PROJECT: Eastern Access/Line 6B Expansion

OPERATOR: Enbridge

ORIGIN/DESTINATION: Phase I Griffith, Indiana to Stockbridge, Michigan; Phase II Stockbridge to Sarnia, Ontario

CAPACITY: 240,000 bpd to 500,000 bpd

COST: $400 million

STARTUP: Phase I late Q1 2014; Phase II 3Q 2014

PROJECT: Eagle Ford Pipeline

OPERATOR: Plains All American

ORIGIN/DESTINATION: 140-mile crude line and condensate from Eagle Ford production in Gardendale, Texas, to refineries in Three Rivers and Corpus Christi; and a 35-mile segment from Three Rivers to Enterprise Products Partners' Lyssy station in Wilson County. On Sept 19, 2013, announced expansion project with additional pumping capacity and looping some segments of operational system.

CAPACITY: 350,000 bpd take-away from western Eagle Ford to Three Rivers and Corpus Christi, plus a marine terminal facility at Corpus Christi and 1.8 million barrels of operational storage capacity across the system. Expansion will increase takeaway capacity to 470,000 bpd and add 2.3 million barrels of storage capacity in Gardendale, Tilden and Corpus Christi.

COST: n/a; expansion $120 million

STARTUP: 140-mile pipeline operational; Corpus Christi dock and Lyssy extension in service in September 2013; expansion to start up in second quarter 2015.

PROJECT: Gardendale Gathering System expansion

OPERATOR: Plains All American

ORIGIN/DESTINATION: Four crude oil gathering pipelines, a total of 90 miles in length, extending from Dimmitt and La Salle counties to Plains' Gardendale Terminal in South Texas. Will connect at Gardendale to long-haul pipelines that deliver crude to refineries in Three Rivers, Corpus Christi and the Houston area. Project includes construction of new Eagle Ford condensate stabilization facility adjacent to Gardendale terminal. Also a new 40-mile Gulf Coast crude oil pipeline originating from Plains' Ten Mile terminal in Mobile, Alabama.

CAPACITY: 115,000 bpd of incremental gathering capacity; condensate facility 80,000 bpd.

COST: $190 million for all three projects

STARTUP: Gardendale expansion completed in stages from autumn 2012 through the first half of 2013; 40,000 bpd of condensate facility started end 2012, second half in first quarter 2013; 40-mile Gulf Coast line to Alabama in-service date pushed to the first half of 2014 from fourth quarter 2013.

PROJECT: Mississippian Lime pipeline

OPERATOR: Plains All American

ORIGIN/DESTINATION: 135-mile pipeline from Alfalfa County near Alva, Oklahoma, to Plains' storage facility at the U.S. crude futures hub in Cushing, Oklahoma; 55-mile extension will bring move crude to Alfalfa County from Comanche County, Kansas; additional 45 miles of new pipeline will extend infrastructure into Logan Cvounty and further into Grant County, Okla.; Adding 150,000 barrels of new tankage.

CAPACITY: 175,000 bpd for the 135-mile line; 75,000 bpd for the 55-mile line.

COST: n/a

STARTUP: Larger line started up Aug. 1; extension began partial service in fourth quarter 2013, full service by the end of the first quarter 2014.

PROJECT: White Cliffs Pipeline

OPERATOR: SemGroup Corp

ORIGIN/DESTINATION: 527-mile, 12-inch crude oil pipeline from Platteville, Colorado, to Cushing, Oklahoma. Expansion looping the existing pipeline under construction.

CAPACITY: Initially 30,000 bpd, expanded to 70,000 bpd; to be expanded further by 80,000 bpd for a total of 150,000 bpd

COST: n/a

STARTUP: 70,000 bpd operational, expansion to start up in the first half of 2014.




PROJECT: Bakken Oil Express pipeline

OPERATOR: Bakken Oil Express

ORIGIN/DESTINATION: 38-mile, 16-inch pipeline between a tanker truck unloading and pumping facility near Killdeer and transport oil to an existing Bakken Oil Express crude by rail loading facility west of Dickinson in western North Dakota.

CAPACITY: 165,000 bpd

COST: $14 million

STARTUP: Late 1Q-early 2Q 2014

PROJECT: Western Oklahoma Extension

OPERATOR: Plains All American

ORIGIN/DESTINATION: 95-mile extension of Plains' Oklahoma pipeline system from Orion, Oklahoma to Reydon, Oklahoma at the western state line; will provide access to the Granite Wash and Cleveland sands oil plays in western Oklahoma and the Texas Panhandle.

CAPACITY: 75,000 bpd

COST: n/a

STARTUP: End first quarter 2014

PROJECT: Rio Bravo pipeline conversion

OPERATOR: Energy Transfer Partners

ORIGIN/DESTINATION: 84 miles of natural gas pipelines converted to crude and condensate service from McMullen County, Texas, to Trafigura AG's marine terminal in Corpus Christi to allow Eagle Ford crude to be shipped to other U.S. markets. Trafigura is spending $500 million to expand the terminal so it can berth three medium-range tankers and two inland barges at the same time.

CAPACITY: 100,000 bpd


STARTUP: June-August 2014.

PROJECT: U.S. Mainline/ Line 61 Expansion

ORIGIN/DESTINATION: Superior, Wisconsin, to Flanagan, Illinois

CAPACITY: Phase I 400,000 bpd to 560,000 bpd; Phase II 560,000 bpd to 1.2 million bpd

COST: $1.3 billion

STARTUP: Phase I 3Q 2014; Phase II 2015.

PROJECT: South Texas Crude Oil pipeline expansion

OPERATOR: NuStar Energy LP

ORIGIN/DESTINATION: Will originate at a 100,000-barrel terminal NuStar will build near Pawnee in Karnes County, Texas, and will connect to NuStar's existing 12-inch pipeline system between Pettus and Three Rivers. Also will connect existing 12-inch pipeline to NuStar's Oakville terminal for crude delivery to the NuStar North Beach terminal. Crude to be transported to Corpus Christi via existing 16-inch pipeline and via new systems to be built to Corpus refineries. Project also includes truck-receiving facilities at the Pawnee and Oakville terminals and a new third ship dock in Corpus that will push total loading capacity to 400,000 bpd. Dock system is designed to load Panamax-class vessels, which can carry 350,000 to 500,000 barrels at rates of up to 30,000 barrels per hour.

CAPACITY: Currently 100,000 bpd, expansion will double capacity to 200,000 bpd for the entire system.

COST: $165 million to $185 million

STARTUP: New dock completed in February 2014; Phase 1, 35,000 bpd, in service third quarter 2014; Phase II, 65,000 bpd, in service first quarter 2015.

PROJECT: Allegheny Access Pipeline

OPERATOR: Sunoco Logistics Partners

ORIGIN/DESTINATION: Midwest to eastern Ohio and western Pennsylvania.

CAPACITY: Initially 85,000 bpd, expandable to 110,000 bpd

COST: n/a

STARTUP: First half of 2014.

PROJECT: BridgeTex Pipeline

OPERATOR: Occidental Petroleum Corp and Magellan Midstream Partners

ORIGIN/DESTINATION: 450-mile pipeline from Colorado City in the Permian Basin to Houston-area refineries, with access to Texas City and the Houston Ship Channel; project includes construction of 1.2 million barrels of crude storage in Colorado City and 1.4 million barrels of storage in east Houston.

CAPACITY: 300,000 bpd

COST: $1 billion; $600 million from Magellan, $400 million from Occidental

STARTUP: July 2014.

PROJECT: Flanagan South Pipeline

OPERATOR: Enbridge

ORIGIN/DESTINATION: 600-mile Flanagan terminal at Pontiac, Ill., to Cushing Okla; route follows Enbridge's Spearhead

CAPACITY: 600,000 bpd

COST: $2.6 billion

STARTUP: Mid-summer 2014

PROJECT: Galena Park to Houston Gulf Coast crude distribution

OPERATOR: Magellan Midstream Partners

ORIGIN/DESTINATION: Pipeline and terminal system at Galena Park, Texas, to deliver crude from Magellan's pipeline system Houston and Texas City refineries.


COST: $50 million

STARTUP: Mid-2014

PROJECT: Eaglebine Express

OPERATOR: Sunoco Logistics Partners

ORIGIN/DESTINATION: Proposal to reverse an underused refined products pipeline to move crude oil from the Eaglebine and Woodbine shale plays to Sunoco Logistics' 22 million-barrel storage hub in Nederland, Texas


COST: n/a

STARTUP: Open season successful; could start up by mid-2014.

PROJECT: Pony Express Pipeline

OPERATOR: Tallgrass Development LP

ORIGIN/DESTINATION: 430-mile converted natural gas pipeline and 260-mile new pipeline to carry North Dakota Bakken crude from Guernsey, Wyoming, to Cushing, Oklahoma

CAPACITY: 230,000 to 320,000 bpd

COST: n/a

STARTUP: August 2014.

PROJECT: Double H pipeline

OPERATOR: Hiland Partners

ORIGIN/DESTINATION: 450-mile from Dore, North Dakota, to Guernsey, Wyoming, where it will connect to Tallgrass Energy Partners' Pony Express pipeline.

CAPACITY: Up to 100,000 bpd


STARTUP: August 2014

PROJECT: Cline Shale Pipeline System

OPERATOR: Centurion Pipeline, subsidiary of Occidental Petroleum

ORIGIN/DESTINATION: Irion, Sterling, Tom Green and Mitchell Counties in West Texas to Centurion's existing Colorado City, Texas, station. 100 miles of new pipeline and several origination stations, each able to receive crude via truck or pipeline.

CAPACITY: 75,000 bpd

COST: n/a

STARTUP: 2Q 2014

PROJECT: High Plains Pipeline system expansion

OPERATOR: Tesoro Logistics LP

ORIGIN/DESTINATION: Expansion of gathering system to transport crude. Phase I from various points in McKenzie County, North Dakota, to Ramberg Station in Williams County. Phase II from Ramberg Station to Stampede in Burke County.

CAPACITY: Phase I 70,000 bpd; Phase II 90,000 bpd.


STARTUP: Phase I July 2014; Phase II second half 2015; binding open season Feb. 4-March 18; extended to April 4.

PROJECT: Granite Wash Extension Pipeline

OPERATOR: Sunoco Logistics

ORIGIN/DESTINATION: Wheeler County Texas in the Texas Panhandle to Ringgold, Texas north of Fort Worth along the state line; will include about 200 miles of new pipeline, pump stations, tankage and truck unloading facilities to transport Granit Wash shale oil output to Sunoco and third-party pipelines that transport crude to refineries in the Midcontinent and on the U.S. Gulf Coast.

CAPACITY: 70,000 bpd initially.


STARTUP: 4Q 2014.

PROJECT: Big Spring Gateway

OPERATOR: Navigator Energy Services LLC, managed by Tenaska Capital Management

ORIGIN/DESTINATION: 190 miles of new crude oil gathering and transmission pipelines in Howard, Martin, Mitchell, Borden and Glasscock counties in the Permian Basin in West Texas that connect to Big Spring and then to Colorado City. From there crude can move on third-party systems to the Texas Gulf Coast and Longview, Texas.

CAPACITY: 75,000 bpd.


STARTUP: 4Q 2014

PROJECT: Houston Terminal connecting pipelines

OPERATOR: Oiltanking Partners LP

ORIGIN/DESTINATION: Two pipelines, one 24-inch connecting Oiltanking's Houston terminal to Crossroads Junction to deliver crude to Shell's Houston-to-Houma pipeline; the second a 36-inch pipeline to Crossroads Junction to provide access to the termination point of TransCanada's Gulf Coast pipeline, and will primarily be used for crude deliveries to Exxon Mobil Corp's 560,500 bpd refinery in Baytown, Texas.


COST: $98 million

STARTUP: 24-inch line, end 2014; 36-inch line, end 1Q 2015

PROJECT: Permian Basin projects

OPERATOR: Plains All American

ORIGIN/DESTINATION: Three new pipelines and added pumping capacity to an existing pipeline. First, 80-mile, 20-inch new pipeline between Midland and Colorado City, Texas to connect carriers at Colorado City, including the BridgeTex pipeline; second, 62-mile, 16- and 20-inch pipeline from the southern Midland Basin in Reagan and Upton counties to the origin of Plains' Cactus pipeline at McCamey, Texas; third, additional pumping capacity to an existing 20-inch pipeline from Jal, New Mexico, to Wink, Texas; and fourth, a new 40-mile, 12-inch pipeline from Monohans to Crane, Texas, to supply volumes to Magellan's Longhorn pipeline as well as Cactus.

CAPACITY: 80-mile pipeline, 250,000 bpd; 62-mile pipeline, 200,000 bpd; New Mexico to Wink pipeline, capacity increased to 240,000 bpd from 140,000 bpd; 40-mile pipeline, 100,000 bpd.

COST: $400 million to $500 million

STARTUP: In stages throughout 2014 and 2015

PROJECT: Eastern Gulf Crude Access Pipeline (formerly Trunkline Conversion)

OPERATOR: Energy Transfer Partners

ORIGIN/DESTINATION: Will convert and reverse a 30-inch natural gas pipeline to carry Bakken and Canadian crude from Patoka, Illinois to Boyce, Louisiana, for refinery markets along the Mississippi River and the Louisiana Gulf Coast. Pipeline spans 574 miles of converted natural gas pipeline and includes about 40 miles of new 30-inch pipeline from the Patoka hub to the northern end of the converted trunkline; results of open season ended Sept. 30 prompted company to nix plan to build new 160-mile, 30-inch pipeline from Boyce to the St. James, Louisiana, oil hub for lack of shipper interest. Still under consideration are other lateral connections for deliveries to refineries.

CAPACITY: 420,000 bpd

COST: $1.5 billion

STARTUP: Late 2014 to early 2015.

PROJECT: Cactus pipeline

OPERATOR: Plains All American

ORIGIN/DESTINATION: 20-inch crude pipeline from McCarney Texas to Gardendale, Texas

CAPACITY: Initially 200,000 bpd; adding pumping capacity to expand to 250,000 bpd.

COST: $350 million to $375 million for initial capacity; expansion part of $400 million to $500 million investment in expansion as well as three other new Permian Basin pipelines.

STARTUP: Construction to start in 1Q 2014; startup in 1Q 2015

PROJECT: Phase II Permian Express

OPERATOR: Sunoco Logistics Partners

ORIGIN/DESTINATION: Midland, Garden City and Colorado City in West Texas, connecting to Sunoco and other pipelines that provide access to various markets and refineries in the Midcontinent and on the U.S. Gulf Coast.

CAPACITY: 200,000 bpd


STARTUP: 2Q 2015.

PROJECT: Delaware Basin crude and condensate pipeline

OPERATOR: Western Refining Inc

ORIGIN/DESTINATION: 40-mile pipeline originating near Western Refining Logistics LP's Mason Station crude oil gathering facility in Reeves County, Texas, to a new crude gathering facility at Wink Station in Winkler County, Texas.

CAPACITY: Up to 125,000 bpd


STARTUP: Mid-2015

PROJECT: Line 67 (Alberta Clipper) expansion

OPERATOR: Enbridge

ORIGIN/DESTINATION: 700-mile, 36-inch pipeline from Hardisty, Alberta, to southern Manitoba, where it connects to the U.S. portion of the system that continues to Superior, Wisconsin.

CAPACITY: Phase I 450,000 bpd to 570,000 bpd; Phase II 570,000 bpd to 800,000 bpd, both expansions involve increased pumping power and no new pipeline.

COST: $450 million

STARTUP: Both phases July 2015.

PROJECT: Silver Eagle Pipeline

OPERATOR: Blueknight Energy

ORIGIN/DESTINATION: 125- to 150-mile pipeline from the Woodbine and Eaglebine plays in east Texas to the Houston market; Had been considering reactivating 200 miles of existing 10- and 12-inch Silverado crude oil pipelines between Longview, Texas, and Houston, but now planning a new pipeline as shippers more interested in moving crude from the east Texas plays than from Longview to Houston. If use Silverado assets, would be "limited use."


COST: $200 million ot $250 million

STARTUP: Working to secure shipper commitments, refining route, design an specifications; target startup mid- to late 2015.

PROJECT: Westward Ho

OPERATOR: Shell Pipeline

ORIGIN/DESTINATION: St. James, Louisiana to Houston

CAPACITY: Initially 300,000 bpd, expandable to 900,000 bpd depending on shipper interest.

COST: n/a

STARTUP: 3Q 2015 pending regulatory approvals.

PROJECT: Southern Access Extension

OPERATOR: Enbridge

ORIGIN/DESTINATION: 165-mile pipeline connecting Flanagan terminal near Pontiac, Illinois to Patoka, Illinois oil hub

CAPACITY: 300,000 bpd

COST: $800 million

STARTUP: Mid-2015

PROJECT: Keystone XL, northern leg

OPERATOR: TransCanada

ORIGIN/DESTINATION: Hardisty, Alberta, to Steele City, Nebraska

CAPACITY: 1,179-mile, 36-inch pipeline to be able to move 830,000 bpd; awaiting presidential permit from the U.S. State Department, ruling expected by spring 2014.

COST: $5.3 billion

STARTUP: Two years after construction permits awarded.

PROJECT: SunVit Pipeline

OPERATOR: Sunoco Logistics Partners

ORIGIN/DESTINATION: 40-mile Midland texas to Garden City Texas, where the line will connect to Sunoco's Permian Basin II pipeline and other existing Sunoco pipelines.




PROJECT: Sandpiper Pipeline

OPERATOR: Enbridge. Marathon Petroleum Corp has agreed to be the main shipper.

ORIGIN/DESTINATION: A 24-inch pipeline running 375 miles from Beaver Lodge, close to Tioga, North Dakota, through the Bakken shale region to Clearbrook, Minnesota. Then a 30-inch pipeline running 233 miles to Superior, Wisconsin.

CAPACITY: 225,000 bpd from Beaver Lodge to Clearbrook. 375,000 bpd from Clearbrook to Superior.

COST: $2.6 billion. Marathon will pay 37.5 percent of the project's cost in exchange for a 27 percent interest in the Enbridge's North Dakota pipeline system which will have a capacity of 580,000 bpd when the project is completed.

STARTUP: Early 2016.

PROJECT: Bakken-to-Texas pipeline

OPERATOR: Energy Transfer Partners

ORIGIN/DESTINATION: Various receipt points in North Dakota to Illinois, then from the Midwest to Sunoco Logistics Partners' crude terminal in Nederland, Texas, with various potential points of destination along the way on both routes.



STARTUP: Launched binding open season March 12, 2014, to guage shipper interest; startup targeted for 2016.

PROJECT: Inland California Express Pipeline

OPERATOR: Questar Pipeline

ORIGIN/DESTINATION: 96-mile west segment from Whitewater, California to a crude oil terminal Long Beach currently not in service may be converted for crude oil delivery. 488-mile section extending from the San Juan Basin of northern New Mexico to delivery interconnects with California utilities will remain in natural gas service.



STARTUP: If approved, late 2015 or early 2016

PROJECT: Cornerstone Pipeline

OPERATOR: MPLX LP subsidiary of Marathon Petroleum Corp

ORIGIN/DESTINATION: 49-mile condensate pipeline to Marathon Petroleum's 78,000 bpd refinery in Canton, Ohio, from Carroll and Harrison counties in the southeast part of the state.

CAPACITY: 25,000 bpd

COST: $140 million

STARTUP: Evaluating right-of-way options, construction targeted to start early 2016 with startup by the end of that year.

PROJECT: Uinta Express Pipeline

OPERATOR: Uinta Express Pipeline Co, subsidiary of Tesoro Corp

ORIGIN/DESTINATION: 135-mile, 12-inch insulated pipeline connecting Utah's Uinta Basin with Salt Lake City-area refineries. Waxy crude produced in the Uinta Basin must be kept at a higher temperature than other types of crude to flow, so other pipelines in the area cannot move it. Output is currently transported via truck.

CAPACITY: 60,000 bpd


STARTUP: 2016, pending evaluation and reviews. Final environnmental impact statement from the Uinta-Wasatch-Cache National Forest expected spring 2015.

PROJECT: Cushing-to-Memphis pipeline

OPERATOR: Plains All American

ORIGIN/DESTINATION: U.S. crude futures hub at Cushing, Oklahoma, to Valero's 180,000 bpd refinery in Memphis, Tennessee. Valero currently receives 100,000 bpd of Bakken crude that is railed to St. James, Louisiana, and shipped to the refinery via the Capline pipeline. A Cushing-Memphis pipeline would shorten the distance and save costs.



STARTUP: N/A, project in "exploratory phase" by both Plains and Valero




PROJECT: Dakota Express Pipeline

OPERATOR: Koch Pipeline LP

ORIGIN/DESTINATION: Williston Basin, western North Dakota, to Hartford, Illinois and Patoka, Illinois. Koch also will explore a connection at Patoka to Energy Transfer Partners' joint-venture Eastern Gulf Crude Access Pipeline, which would be able to move Bakken and Canadian heavy crude to U.S. Gulf Coast refineries.

CAPACITY: 250,000 barrels per day initially


STARTUP: Was 2016, depending on shipper interest. In June Koch announced a 45-day, non-binding open season in July, to be followed by a binding open season if warranted. In January 2014 a Koch spokesman said, without explanation, that the company was no longer pursuing the project.

PROJECT: Freedom Pipeline

OPERATOR: Kinder Morgan

ORIGIN/DESTINATION: Midland and Wink Texas in the Permian Basin to Los Angeles, Barstow and Emidio, California. Project includes conversion of 740 miles of existing natural gas pipeline to move crude, 22 miles of new pipeline for interconnections in California, and 200 miles of new pipeline between Wink and El Paso, Texas; also construction of tank facilities in Texas and delivery points in California.

CAPACITY: Initially 277,000 bpd, expandable to 400,000 bpd

COST: $2 billion

STARTUP: Would have started up in the fourth quarter of 2014, but canceled on May 31 after open season ending May 30 failed to solicit sufficient shipper interest.

PROJECT: Niobrara Falls Project

OPERATOR: NuStar Energy LP

ORIGIN/DESTINATION: New crude oil pipelines from gathering locations in the Niobrara shale near Platteville and Watkins, Colorado, to a tie-in point on NuStar's existing refined products pipeline that runs from McKee, Texas to Denver. The products line will be reversed and converted to carry crude from Denver to McKee, and then connected with NuStar's 14-inch Wichita Falls-to-McKee crude line, which also will be reversed to move oil to Wichita Falls from McKee.

CAPACITY: 70,000 to 75,000 bpd for Colorado, 125,000 to 130,000 bpd for Wichita Falls.

COST: n/a

STARTUP: Had been planned for 2013 and early 2014, but project canceled on lack of shipper interest; could be revisited as Niobrara production increases over the next two years.

Denton (Denny) Newman Jr.
I've worked at the Brainerd Dispatch with various duties since Dec. 7, 1983. Starting off as an Ad Designer and currently Director of Audience Development. The Dispatch has been an interesting and challenging place to work. I'm fortunate to have made many friends, both co-workers and customers.
(218) 855-5889