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U.S. Crude Oil Pipeline Projects: Koch Pipeline plans Eagle Ford expansion

May 30 (Reuters) - Oil pipelines in the United States are undergoing a

historic realignment in response to new production in the Eagle Ford development

in south-central Texas, redevelopment of older production in the Permian Basin

and new flows of oil from the Midwest and Canada that have oversupplied Midwest


Koch Pipeline Co, a subsidiary of Koch Industries Inc, will

expand its 540-mile South Texas crude oil pipeline system with a 200,000 bpd,

24-mile pipeline in San Patricio County just north of Corpus Christi. The new

16-inch pipeline is expected to start up by mid-2014, the company said.

Here is an updated list of 56 projects under way:




PROJECT: Gulf Coast Pipeline Project (southern leg of Keystone XL)

OPERATOR: TransCanada Corp

ORIGIN/DESTINATION: 487-mile, 36-inch pipeline from Cushing, Oklahoma, to

Nederland, Texas; 48-mile lateral pipeline to Houston.

CAPACITY: Initial capacity of 700,000 bpd, expandable to 830,000 bpd

COST: $2.3 billion

STARTUP: Linefill began in December 2013, startup on Jan. 22, 2014.


PROJECT: Seaway pipeline reversal

OPERATOR: Enterprise Product Partners and Enbridge Inc

ORIGIN/DESTINATION: Cushing, Oklahoma, to Houston, Texas

COST: $300 million for initial reversal, $2 billion for final expansion with

new parallel loop pipeline.

CAPACITY: 150,000 bpd initially, with first expansion to 400,000 bpd in

January 2013 and further expansion to 850,000 bpd.

STARTUP: First crude began flowing from Cushing on May 19, 2012; First

expansion started up Jan. 11, 2013; next expansion to start up by May or June



PROJECT: U.S. Mainline/Spearhead North Line 62 Expansion

OPERATOR: Enbridge

ORIGIN/DESTINATION: Flanagan, Illinois to Griffith, Indiana

CAPACITY: 130,000 bpd to 235,000 bpd

COST: $500 million



PROJECT: Kinder Morgan Crude & Condensate (KMCC) pipeline and condensate

processing facility in Eagle Ford.

OPERATOR: Kinder Morgan Energy Partners

ORIGIN/DESTINATION: Eagle Ford shale formation to storage and a condensate

splitter facility in Galena Park, Texas, with access to the Houston Ship Channel

CAPACITY: Pipeline can carry about 300,000 bpd of both Eagle Ford shale

crude and condensate in 65 miles of newly built pipe and 113 miles of a

converted natural gas pipeline. Splitter will process 100,000 bpd of Eagle Ford

condensate (expandable to 150,000) and provide 1.9 million barrels of storage


Pipeline expansions will connect its DeWitt County station to its Helena

station in Karnes County (30 miles) and to the Gonzales Station (15 miles). A

27-mile, 100,000 bpd lateral connects to Phillips 66's 247,000 bpd

refinery in Sweeny, Texas, including truck offloading capability in Dewitt and

four storage tanks in Wharton County with 480,000 barrels of capacity. A 10-mile

line will connect KMCC with the Double Eagle system.

COST: Pipeline $225 million; splitter $359 million; Sweeny $100 million;

Helena $110 million; Gonzales $75 million; Double Eagle connection $45 million.

STARTUP: Pipeline started up June 14, 2012; Sweeny Lateral Jan. 2014. Helena

extension Aug. 2014. Phase I of splitter, 50,000 bpd, delayed to November 20154

from June because of manufacturer delay in delivery of major component,

remaining 50,000 bpd on target for 2Q 2015; Gonzales extension 1Q 2015. Double

Eagle connection 1Q 2015. Galena Park facility July 2014 (50,000 bpd), Q1 2015

(100,000 bpd)


PROJECT: Double Eagle Pipeline

OPERATOR: 50-50 joint venture of Magellan Midstream Partners and

Kinder Morgan Energy Partners.

ORIGIN/DESTINATION: Connects to 50-mile, 14- and 16-inch existing pipeline

owned by Kinder, enabling delivery of Eagle Ford condensate to Magellan's marine

and storage terminal in Corpus Christi from Three Rivers, Texas. Total project

includes 140 miles of new 12-inch pipeline connecting to the existing line. Will

build new 10-mile pipeline to connect Double Eagle with Kinder Morgan's KMCC.

CAPACITY: 100,000 bpd initially, expandable to 150,000 bpd

COST: $150 million

STARTUP: In May 2013 pipeline started moving condensate from Three Rivers to

the Corpus terminal; announced Aug. 29 that the 85-mile western leg of the

project from Gardendale in LaSalle County, Texas, to Three Rivers started up.

New 10-mile connector and storage to be complete in early 2015.


PROJECT: Enterprise Crude Houston Oil (ECHO) Terminal and Houston area


OPERATOR: Enterprise Products Partners

ORIGIN/DESTINATION: Houston Ship Channel area

CAPACITY: Expansion approved to push storage capacity at the ECHO and

Bertron facilities to more than 6 million barrels, with access to Enterprise's

marine terminal at Morgan's Point on the Houston Ship Channel, and to be linked

by pipeline to the Eagle Ford shale to the west. Expansion includes 55 miles of

24- and 36-inch pipeline to connect the terminal with major refineries in the

southeast Texas market with an aggregate capacity of about 3.6 million barrels

per day, including plants in Baytown, Beaumont, Port Arthur and Texas City.

COST: n/a

STARTUP: Initial phase with 750,000 barrels of storage capacity complete in

November 2012; expansion to be completed in phases, with 900,000 barrels of

storage added in the first quarter 2014 and fully built out by early 2015.


PROJECT: South Texas Crude Oil Pipeline system

OPERATOR: NuStar Energy LP

ORIGIN/DESTINATION: 110-mile, 12-inch and 8-inch pipeline from Frio, LaSalle

and McMullen counties NuStar's 600,000-barrel storage terminal at Oakville in

Live Oak County; then transports Eagle Ford crude to NuStar's 1.6 million-barrel

Corpus Christi North Beach terminal via an existing 16-inch pipeline.

COST: Part of NuStar's $325 million acquisition of TexStar Midstream

Services LP's 140 miles of Eagle Ford crude pipeline and gathering lines, and

643,400 barrels of storage assets; $65 million to $85 million to integrate and

complete gathering and terminal assets.

CAPACITY: 100,000 bpd of crude and condensates.



PROJECT: Longhorn Pipeline reversal

OPERATOR: Magellan Midstream Partners

ORIGIN/DESTINATION: Reversed flow of Crane-to-Houston segment of Longhorn

Pipeline, which had carried refined products from Houston to El Paso, Texas, and

converted the line to transport crude; Announced Oct. 7 will build a new origin

at Barnhart, Texas, about 75 miles east of Crane.

CAPACITY: 225,000 bpd in 2013; Will expand capacity by 50,000 bpd to


COST: $375 million for first phase; $55 million for expansion; $25 million

for new origin.

STARTUP: Started in mid-April 2013; reached 225,000 bpd in October 2013;

expand capacity to 275,000 bpd by mid-2014 with rates reaching 250,000 bpd; new

Barnhart origin to start up in early 2015.


PROJECT: Houma-to-Houston pipeline reversal

OPERATOR: Shell Pipeline LP

ORIGIN/DESTINATION: Houma, Louisiana, to Houston, Texas; reversal will run

from Houston to Houma. Phase I delivers crude from connecting pipelines and

terminals in Houston to Nederland and Port Arthur; Phase II extends reversal to

move crude from Texas to Houma, St. James and Clovelly, Louisiana. Phase III

expansion to add pumping capability to the Texas-only portion and Phase IV

expansion to add pumping capability to the Nederland to Houma segment.

CAPACITY: Texas segment with Phase III expansion, 250,000 bpd; Texas to

Houma segment with Phase IV expansion, 375,000 bpd; Houma to Clovelly 500,000

bpd; Houma to St. James, 300,000 bpd.

COST: $100 million

STARTUP: Phase I operational; Phase II Texas-to-Louisiana segments

operational and linefill commenced ahead of mid-December startup; Phase III and

IV early 2014.


PROJECT: Bakken Access Program

OPERATOR: Enbridge

ORIGIN/DESTINATION: Western North Dakota. Includes adding 26 miles of

16-inch pipeline between Enbridge stations in Beaver Lodge near Tioga, North

Dakota, and Stanley; 29 miles of new 16-inch pipeline between Stanley and

Berthold terminal; and expansion of Berthold with rail loading capability that

can handle three unit trains at a time.

CAPACITY ADDED: 145,500 bpd pipeline capacity, additional 80,000 bpd of rail

export capacity for a total of 120,000 bpd.

COST: $560 million for pipeline; $145 million for rail

STARTUP: March 2013


PROJECT: Toledo Pipeline (Line 79) Expansion

OPERATOR: Enbridge

ORIGIN/DESTINATION: Stockbridge, Michigan, to Toledo, Ohio

CAPACITY: Increased to 180,000 bpd from 100,000 bpd

COST: $197.57 million

STARTUP: May 2013


PROJECT: Pecos River Pipeline

OPERATOR: Blueknight Energy Partners LP

ORIGIN/DESTINATION: Pecos, Texas, to Crane, Texas, where a 16-inch, 36-mile

line connects to Magellan Midstream Partners' reversed Longhorn pipeline to move

Permian Basin crude oil to the Gulf Coast; a 29-mile extension will gather crude

in Reeves, Culberson, Pecos and Ward counties.

CAPACITY: 150,000 bpd

COST: n/a

STARTUP: The 36-mile line started up Sept. 17, 2013; 30-mile extension

startup in 3Q 2014; may extend pipeline by 110 miles into New Mexico, soliciting

shipper commitments.


PROJECT: Mississippian Lime pipeline

OPERATOR: Plains All American

ORIGIN/DESTINATION: 135-mile pipeline from Alfalfa County near Alva,

Oklahoma, to Plains' storage facility at the U.S. crude futures hub in Cushing,

Oklahoma; 55-mile extension will bring move crude to Alfalfa County from

Comanche County, Kansas; additional 45 miles of new pipeline will extend

infrastructure into Logan County and further into Grant County, Okla.; Adding

150,000 barrels of new tankage.

CAPACITY: 175,000 bpd for the 135-mile line; 75,000 bpd for the 55-mile


COST: n/a

STARTUP: Larger line started up Aug. 1; extension began partial service in

fourth quarter 2013, full service end 1Q 2014.


PROJECT: Permian Basin Expansion Projects

OPERATOR: Plains All American

ORIGIN/DESTINATION: Various links extending, expanding crude oil lines in

Permian Basin, West Texas.

CAPACITY: 145 miles of expansions of existing system to add total of 150,000

bpd in capacity in Texas, plus projects in southeast New Mexico

COST: $250 million

START-UP: Late 2012 through 2013


PROJECT: Permian Express, Phase I

OPERATOR: Sunoco Logistics Partners

ORIGIN/DESTINATION: Wichita Falls, Texas to Nederland, Texas

CAPACITY: Initial capacity will be 90,000 bpd, expected to reach 150,000


COST: n/a

STARTUP: Initial 90,000 bpd reached in June 2013.




PROJECT: West Texas crude system

OPERATOR: Sunoco Logistics Partners LP

ORIGIN/DESTINATION: Three different projects to bring Permian basin crude to

Gulf Coast market. West Texas to Houston line - 40,000 bpd, expandable to 44,000

bpd, will carry West Texas Sour and West Texas Intermediate at Midland; West

Texas to Longview Access - 30,000 bpd, to carry Permian crudes to the Mid-Valley

pipeline to the Midwest; West Texas to Nederland Access - 40,000 bpd

COST: n/a

STARTUP: West Texas to Houston and West Texas to Longview operational; West

Texas to Nederland delayed by Exxon Mobil Corp's shutdown of its Pegasus

crude oil pipeline that carries heavy Canadian crude to Texas from Illinois. The

Sunoco line is connected to the Exxon line, which shut in late March when it

spilled 5,000 barrels into an Arkansas housing subdivision. Sunoco is awaiting

word from Exxon on restart.


PROJECT: Eastern Access/Line 6B Expansion

OPERATOR: Enbridge

ORIGIN/DESTINATION: Phase I Griffith, Indiana to Stockbridge, Michigan;

Phase II Stockbridge to Sarnia, Ontario

CAPACITY: 240,000 bpd to 500,000 bpd

COST: $400 million

STARTUP: Phase I May 2014; Phase II 3Q 2014


PROJECT: Eagle Ford Pipeline

OPERATOR: Plains All American

ORIGIN/DESTINATION: 140-mile crude line and condensate from Eagle Ford

production in Gardendale, Texas, to refineries in Three Rivers and Corpus

Christi; and a 35-mile segment from Three Rivers to Enterprise Products

Partners' Lyssy station in Wilson County. On Sept 19, 2013, announced expansion

project with additional pumping capacity and looping some segments of

operational system.

CAPACITY: 350,000 bpd take-away from western Eagle Ford to Three Rivers and

Corpus Christi, plus a marine terminal facility at Corpus Christi and 1.8

million barrels of operational storage capacity across the system. Expansion

will increase takeaway capacity to 470,000 bpd and add 2.3 million barrels of

storage capacity in Gardendale, Tilden and Corpus Christi.

COST: n/a; expansion $120 million

STARTUP: 140-mile pipeline operational; Corpus Christi dock and Lyssy

extension in service in September 2013; expansion to start up in second quarter



PROJECT: Gardendale Gathering System expansion

OPERATOR: Plains All American

ORIGIN/DESTINATION: Four crude oil gathering pipelines, a total of 90 miles

in length, extending from Dimmitt and La Salle counties to Plains' Gardendale

Terminal in South Texas. Will connect at Gardendale to long-haul pipelines that

deliver crude to refineries in Three Rivers, Corpus Christi and the Houston

area. Project includes construction of new Eagle Ford condensate stabilization

facility adjacent to Gardendale terminal. Also a new 40-mile Gulf Coast crude

oil pipeline originating from Plains' Ten Mile terminal in Mobile, Alabama.

CAPACITY: 115,000 bpd of incremental gathering capacity; condensate facility

80,000 bpd.

COST: $190 million for all three projects

STARTUP: Gardendale expansion completed in stages from autumn 2012 through

the first half of 2013; 40,000 bpd of condensate facility started end 2012,

second half in first quarter 2013; 40-mile Gulf Coast line to Alabama in-service

date pushed to the first half of 2014 from fourth quarter 2013.


PROJECT: South Texas pipeline system expansion

OPERATOR: Koch Pipeline LP

ORIGIN/DESTINATION: San Patricio County, Texas

CAPACITY: 200,000 bpd


STARTUP: Mid-2014


PROJECT: White Cliffs Pipeline

OPERATOR: SemGroup Corp

ORIGIN/DESTINATION: 527-mile, 12-inch crude oil pipeline from Platteville,

Colorado, to Cushing, Oklahoma. Expansion looping the existing pipeline under


CAPACITY: Initially 30,000 bpd, expanded to 70,000 bpd; to be expanded

further by 80,000 bpd for a total of 150,000 bpd

COST: n/a

STARTUP: 70,000 bpd operational, expansion to start up in the first half of





PROJECT: Bakken Oil Express pipeline

OPERATOR: Bakken Oil Express

ORIGIN/DESTINATION: 38-mile, 16-inch pipeline between a tanker truck

unloading and pumping facility near Killdeer and transport oil to an existing

Bakken Oil Express crude by rail loading facility west of Dickinson in western

North Dakota.

CAPACITY: 165,000 bpd

COST: $14 million

STARTUP: Late 1Q-early 2Q 2014


PROJECT: Western Oklahoma Extension

OPERATOR: Plains All American

ORIGIN/DESTINATION: 95-mile extension of Plains' Oklahoma pipeline system

from Orion, Oklahoma to Reydon, Oklahoma at the western state line; will provide

access to the Granite Wash and Cleveland sands oil plays in western Oklahoma and

the Texas Panhandle.

CAPACITY: 75,000 bpd

COST: n/a

STARTUP: 3Q 2014


PROJECT: Rio Bravo pipeline conversion

OPERATOR: Energy Transfer Partners

ORIGIN/DESTINATION: 84 miles of natural gas pipelines converted to crude and

condensate service from McMullen County, Texas, to Trafigura AG's marine

terminal in Corpus Christi to allow Eagle Ford crude to be shipped to other U.S.

markets. Trafigura is spending $500 million to expand the terminal so it can

berth three medium-range tankers and two inland barges at the same time.

CAPACITY: 100,000 bpd


STARTUP: June-August 2014.


PROJECT: U.S. Mainline/ Line 61 Expansion

ORIGIN/DESTINATION: Superior, Wisconsin, to Flanagan, Illinois

CAPACITY: Phase I 400,000 bpd to 560,000 bpd; Phase II 560,000 bpd to 1.2

million bpd

COST: $1.3 billion

STARTUP: Phase I 3Q 2014; Phase II 2015.


PROJECT: South Texas Crude Oil pipeline expansion

OPERATOR: NuStar Energy LP

ORIGIN/DESTINATION: Will originate at a 100,000-barrel terminal NuStar will

build near Pawnee in Karnes County, Texas, and will connect to NuStar's existing

12-inch pipeline system between Pettus and Three Rivers. Also will connect

existing 12-inch pipeline to NuStar's Oakville terminal for crude delivery to

the NuStar North Beach terminal. Crude to be transported to Corpus Christi via

existing 16-inch pipeline and via new systems to be built to Corpus refineries.

Project also includes truck-receiving facilities at the Pawnee and Oakville

terminals and a new third ship dock in Corpus that will push total loading

capacity to 400,000 bpd. Dock system designed to load Panamax-class vessels,

which can carry 350,000 to 500,000 barrels at rates of up to 30,000 barrels per


CAPACITY: Currently 100,000 bpd, expansion will double capacity to 200,000

bpd for the entire system.

COST: $165 million to $185 million

STARTUP: New dock completed in February 2014; Phase 1, 35,000 bpd, in May

2014; Phase II, 65,000 bpd, in service first quarter 2015.


PROJECT: Cline Shale Pipeline System

OPERATOR: Centurion Pipeline, subsidiary of Occidental Petroleum

ORIGIN/DESTINATION: Irion, Sterling, Tom Green and Mitchell Counties in West

Texas to Centurion's existing Colorado City, Texas, station. 100 miles of new

pipeline and several origination stations, each able to receive crude via truck

or pipeline.

CAPACITY: 75,000 bpd

COST: n/a

STARTUP: 2Q 2014


PROJECT: BridgeTex Pipeline

OPERATOR: Occidental Petroleum Corp and Magellan Midstream Partners

ORIGIN/DESTINATION: 450-mile pipeline from Colorado City in the Permian

Basin to Houston-area refineries, with access to Texas City and the Houston Ship

Channel; project includes construction of 1.2 million barrels of crude storage

in Colorado City and 1.4 million barrels of storage in east Houston.

CAPACITY: 300,000 bpd

COST: $1 billion; $600 million from Magellan, $400 million from Occidental

STARTUP: July 2014.


PROJECT: Flanagan South Pipeline

OPERATOR: Enbridge

ORIGIN/DESTINATION: 600-mile Flanagan terminal at Pontiac, Ill., to Cushing

Okla; route follows Enbridge's Spearhead

CAPACITY: 600,000 bpd

COST: $2.6 billion

STARTUP: Mid-summer 2014


PROJECT: Galena Park to Houston Gulf Coast crude distribution

OPERATOR: Magellan Midstream Partners

ORIGIN/DESTINATION: Pipeline and terminal system at Galena Park, Texas, to

deliver crude from Magellan's pipeline system Houston and Texas City refineries.


COST: $50 million

STARTUP: Mid-2014


PROJECT: Eaglebine Express

OPERATOR: Sunoco Logistics Partners

ORIGIN/DESTINATION: Proposal to reverse an underused refined products

pipeline to move crude oil from the Eaglebine and Woodbine shale plays to Sunoco

Logistics' 22 million-barrel storage hub in Nederland, Texas


COST: n/a

STARTUP: 3Q 2014


PROJECT: Pony Express Pipeline

OPERATOR: Tallgrass Development LP

ORIGIN/DESTINATION: 430-mile converted natural gas pipeline and 260-mile new

pipeline to carry North Dakota Bakken crude from Guernsey, Wyoming, to Cushing,


CAPACITY: 230,000 to 320,000 bpd

COST: n/a

STARTUP: August 2014.


PROJECT: Double H pipeline

OPERATOR: Hiland Partners

ORIGIN/DESTINATION: 450-mile from Dore, North Dakota, to Guernsey, Wyoming,

where it will connect to Tallgrass Energy Partners' Pony Express pipeline.

CAPACITY: Up to 100,000 bpd


STARTUP: August 2014


PROJECT: Wolfcamp Connector

OPERATOR: Medallion Midstream

ORIGIN/DESTINATION: A 60-mile, 12-inch pipeline from Wolfcamp shale play in

the Permian Basin close to Garden City in Glasscock County, Texas, to Colorado

City hub, Texas, with interconnecting facilities to pipelines that can ship

onwards to the Gulf Coast or Cushing including the Centurion and Basin pipelines

and the proposed BridgeTex and Permian Express II pipelines. A further 40 miles

of 10-inch pipeline southwards from Garden City to Big Lake Reagan County, Texas

is being considered.

CAPACITY: 65,000 bpd for Wolfcamp, 40,000 bpd for Reagan County extension,

the full system can be expanded to 100,000 bpd.

COST: n/a

STARTUP: Q3 2014 for Wolfcamp, Q4 2014 for Reagan County extension


PROJECT: High Plains Pipeline system expansion

OPERATOR: Tesoro Logistics LP

ORIGIN/DESTINATION: Expansion of gathering system to transport crude. Phase

I from various points in McKenzie County, North Dakota, to Ramberg Station in

Williams County. Phase II from Ramberg Station to Stampede in Burke County.

CAPACITY: Phase I 70,000 bpd; Phase II 90,000 bpd.


STARTUP: Phase I July 2014; Phase II second half 2015; binding open season

Feb. 4-March 18; extended to April 4.


PROJECT: Granite Wash Extension Pipeline

OPERATOR: Sunoco Logistics

ORIGIN/DESTINATION: Wheeler County Texas in the Texas Panhandle to Ringgold,

Texas north of Fort Worth along the state line; will include about 200 miles of

new pipeline, pump stations, tankage and truck unloading facilities to transport

Granit Wash shale oil output to Sunoco and third-party pipelines that transport

crude to refineries in the Midcontinent and on the U.S. Gulf Coast.

CAPACITY: 70,000 bpd initially.


STARTUP: 4Q 2014.


PROJECT: Big Spring Gateway

OPERATOR: Navigator Energy Services LLC, managed by Tenaska Capital


ORIGIN/DESTINATION: 190 miles of new crude oil gathering and transmission

pipelines in Howard, Martin, Mitchell, Borden and Glasscock counties in the

Permian Basin in West Texas that connect to Big Spring and then to Colorado

City. From there crude can move on third-party systems to the Texas Gulf Coast

and Longview, Texas.

CAPACITY: 75,000 bpd.


STARTUP: 4Q 2014


PROJECT: Houston Terminal connecting pipelines

OPERATOR: Oiltanking Partners LP

ORIGIN/DESTINATION: Two pipelines, one 24-inch connecting Oiltanking's

Houston terminal to Crossroads Junction to deliver crude to Shell's

Houston-to-Houma pipeline; the second a 36-inch pipeline to Crossroads Junction

to provide access to the termination point of TransCanada's Gulf Coast pipeline,

and will primarily be used for crude deliveries to Exxon Mobil Corp's

560,500 bpd refinery in Baytown, Texas.


COST: $98 million

STARTUP: 24-inch line, end 2014; 36-inch line, end 1Q 2015


PROJECT: Permian Basin projects

OPERATOR: Plains All American

ORIGIN/DESTINATION: Three new pipelines and added pumping capacity to an

existing pipeline. First, 80-mile, 20-inch new pipeline between Midland and

Colorado City, Texas to connect carriers at Colorado City, including the

BridgeTex pipeline; second, 62-mile, 16- and 20-inch pipeline from the southern

Midland Basin in Reagan and Upton counties to the origin of Plains' Cactus

pipeline at McCamey, Texas; third, additional pumping capacity to an existing

20-inch pipeline from Jal, New Mexico, to Wink, Texas; and fourth, a new

40-mile, 12-inch pipeline from Monohans to Crane, Texas, to supply volumes to

Magellan's Longhorn pipeline as well as Cactus.

CAPACITY: 80-mile pipeline, 250,000 bpd; 62-mile pipeline, 200,000 bpd; New

Mexico to Wink pipeline, capacity increased to 240,000 bpd from 140,000 bpd;

40-mile pipeline, 100,000 bpd.

COST: $400 million to $500 million

STARTUP: In stages throughout 2014 and 2015


PROJECT: Eastern Gulf Crude Access Pipeline (formerly Trunkline Conversion)

OPERATOR: Energy Transfer Partners

ORIGIN/DESTINATION: Will convert and reverse a 30-inch natural gas pipeline

to carry Bakken and Canadian crude from Patoka, Illinois to Boyce, Louisiana,

for refinery markets along the Mississippi River and the Louisiana Gulf Coast.

Pipeline spans 574 miles of converted natural gas pipeline and includes about 40

miles of new 30-inch pipeline from the Patoka hub to the northern end of the

converted trunkline; results of open season ended Sept. 30 prompted company to

nix plan to build new 160-mile, 30-inch pipeline from Boyce to the St. James,

Louisiana, oil hub for lack of shipper interest. Still under consideration are

other lateral connections for deliveries to refineries.

CAPACITY: 420,000 bpd

COST: $1.5 billion

STARTUP: Late 2014 to early 2015.


PROJECT: Cactus pipeline

OPERATOR: Plains All American

ORIGIN/DESTINATION: 20-inch crude pipeline from McCarney Texas to

Gardendale, Texas

CAPACITY: Initially 200,000 bpd; adding pumping capacity to expand to

250,000 bpd.

COST: $350 million to $375 million for initial capacity; expansion part of

$400 million to $500 million investment in expansion as well as three other new

Permian Basin pipelines.

STARTUP: 1Q 2015


PROJECT: Phase II Permian Express

OPERATOR: Sunoco Logistics Partners

ORIGIN/DESTINATION: Midland, Garden City and Colorado City in West Texas,

connecting to Sunoco and other pipelines that provide access to various markets

and refineries in the Midcontinent and on the U.S. Gulf Coast.

CAPACITY: 200,000 bpd


STARTUP: 2Q 2015.


PROJECT: Delaware Basin crude and condensate pipeline

OPERATOR: Western Refining Inc

ORIGIN/DESTINATION: 40-mile pipeline originating near Western Refining

Logistics LP's Mason Station crude oil gathering facility in Reeves

County, Texas, to a new crude gathering facility at Wink Station in Winkler

County, Texas.

CAPACITY: Up to 125,000 bpd


STARTUP: Mid-2015


PROJECT: Line 67 (Alberta Clipper) expansion

OPERATOR: Enbridge

ORIGIN/DESTINATION: 700-mile, 36-inch pipeline from Hardisty, Alberta, to

southern Manitoba, where it connects to the U.S. portion of the system that

continues to Superior, Wisconsin.

CAPACITY: Phase I 450,000 bpd to 570,000 bpd; Phase II 570,000 bpd to

800,000 bpd, both expansions involve increased pumping power and no new


COST: $450 million

STARTUP: Both phases July 2015.


PROJECT: Silver Eagle Pipeline

OPERATOR: Blueknight Energy

ORIGIN/DESTINATION: 125- to 150-mile pipeline from the Woodbine and

Eaglebine plays in east Texas to the Houston market; Had been considering

reactivating 200 miles of existing 10- and 12-inch Silverado crude oil pipelines

between Longview, Texas, and Houston, but now planning a new pipeline as

shippers more interested in moving crude from the east Texas plays than from

Longview to Houston. If use Silverado assets, would be "limited use."


COST: $200 million ot $250 million

STARTUP: Working to secure shipper commitments, refining route, design an

specifications; target startup late 2015 to early 2016.


PROJECT: Westward Ho

OPERATOR: Shell Pipeline

ORIGIN/DESTINATION: St. James, Louisiana to Houston

CAPACITY: Initially 300,000 bpd, expandable to 900,000 bpd depending on

shipper interest.

COST: n/a

STARTUP: 3Q 2015 pending regulatory approvals.


PROJECT: Southern Access Extension

OPERATOR: Enbridge

ORIGIN/DESTINATION: 165-mile pipeline connecting Flanagan terminal near

Pontiac, Illinois to Patoka, Illinois oil hub

CAPACITY: 300,000 bpd

COST: $800 million

STARTUP: Mid-2015


PROJECT: Keystone XL, northern leg

OPERATOR: TransCanada

ORIGIN/DESTINATION: Hardisty, Alberta, to Steele City, Nebraska

CAPACITY: 1,179-mile, 36-inch pipeline to be able to move 830,000 bpd;

awaiting presidential permit from the U.S. State Department, ruling expected by

spring 2014.

COST: $5.3 billion

STARTUP: Two years after construction permits awarded.


PROJECT: SunVit Pipeline

OPERATOR: Sunoco Logistics Partners

ORIGIN/DESTINATION: 40-mile Midland texas to Garden City Texas, where the

line will connect to Sunoco's Permian Basin II pipeline and other existing

Sunoco pipelines.





PROJECT: Connolly Gathering System

OPERATOR: Tesoro Logistics

ORIGIN/DESTINATION: Various points in Dunn County, North Dakota, to Tesoro's

Connolly Station.

CAPACITY: 60,000 bpd on main delivery line, laterals corresponding with

shipper commitments

COST: $150 million

STARTUP: Construction starting July 2014, startup end 2015


PROJECT: Sandpiper Pipeline

OPERATOR: Enbridge. Marathon Petroleum Corp has agreed to be the

main shipper.

ORIGIN/DESTINATION: A 24-inch pipeline running 375 miles from Beaver Lodge,

close to Tioga, North Dakota, through the Bakken shale region to Clearbrook,

Minnesota. Then a 30-inch pipeline running 233 miles to Superior, Wisconsin.

CAPACITY: 225,000 bpd from Beaver Lodge to Clearbrook. 375,000 bpd from

Clearbrook to Superior.

COST: $2.6 billion. Marathon will pay 37.5 percent of the project's cost in

exchange for a 27 percent interest in the Enbridge's North Dakota pipeline

system which will have a capacity of 580,000 bpd when the project is completed.

STARTUP: Early 2016.


PROJECT: Bakken-to-Texas pipeline

OPERATOR: Energy Transfer Partners

ORIGIN/DESTINATION: Various receipt points in North Dakota to Illinois, then

from the Midwest to Sunoco Logistics Partners' crude terminal in Nederland,

Texas, with various potential points of destination along the way on both




STARTUP: Launched binding open season March 12, 2014, to guage shipper

interest; startup targeted for 2016.


PROJECT: Inland California Express Pipeline

OPERATOR: Questar Pipeline

ORIGIN/DESTINATION: 96-mile west segment from Whitewater, California to a

crude oil terminal Long Beach currently not in service may be converted for

crude oil delivery. 488-mile section extending from the San Juan Basin of

northern New Mexico to delivery interconnects with California utilities will

remain in natural gas service.



STARTUP: If approved, late 2016


PROJECT: Cornerstone Pipeline

OPERATOR: MPLX LP subsidiary of Marathon Petroleum Corp

ORIGIN/DESTINATION: 49-mile condensate pipeline to Marathon Petroleum's

78,000 bpd refinery in Canton, Ohio, from Carroll and Harrison counties in the

southeast part of the state.

CAPACITY: 25,000 bpd

COST: $140 million

STARTUP: Evaluating right-of-way options, construction targeted to start

early 2016 with startup by the end of that year.


PROJECT: Uinta Express Pipeline

OPERATOR: Uinta Express Pipeline Co, subsidiary of Tesoro Corp

ORIGIN/DESTINATION: 135-mile, 12-inch insulated pipeline connecting Utah's

Uinta Basin with Salt Lake City-area refineries. Waxy crude produced in the

Uinta Basin must be kept at a higher temperature than other types of crude to

flow, so other pipelines in the area cannot move it. Output is currently

transported via truck.

CAPACITY: 60,000 bpd


STARTUP: 2016, pending evaluation and reviews. Final environnmental impact

statement from the Uinta-Wasatch-Cache National Forest expected spring 2015.


PROJECT: Cushing-to-Memphis pipeline

OPERATOR: Plains All American

ORIGIN/DESTINATION: U.S. crude futures hub at Cushing, Oklahoma, to Valero's

180,000 bpd refinery in Memphis, Tennessee. Valero currently receives 100,000

bpd of Bakken crude that is railed to St. James, Louisiana, and shipped to the

refinery via the Capline pipeline. A Cushing-Memphis pipeline would shorten the

distance and save costs.



STARTUP: N/A, project in "exploratory phase" by both Plains and Valero




PROJECT: Dakota Express Pipeline

OPERATOR: Koch Pipeline LP

ORIGIN/DESTINATION: Williston Basin, western North Dakota, to Hartford,

Illinois and Patoka, Illinois. Koch also will explore a connection at Patoka to

Energy Transfer Partners' joint-venture Eastern Gulf Crude Access Pipeline,

which would be able to move Bakken and Canadian heavy crude to U.S. Gulf Coast


CAPACITY: 250,000 barrels per day initially


STARTUP: Was 2016, depending on shipper interest. In June Koch announced a

45-day, non-binding open season in July, to be followed by a binding open season

if warranted. In January 2014 a Koch spokesman said, without explanation, that

the company was no longer pursuing the project.


PROJECT: Freedom Pipeline

OPERATOR: Kinder Morgan

ORIGIN/DESTINATION: Midland and Wink Texas in the Permian Basin to Los

Angeles, Barstow and Emidio, California. Project includes conversion of 740

miles of existing natural gas pipeline to move crude, 22 miles of new pipeline

for interconnections in California, and 200 miles of new pipeline between Wink

and El Paso, Texas; also construction of tank facilities in Texas and delivery

points in California.

CAPACITY: Initially 277,000 bpd, expandable to 400,000 bpd

COST: $2 billion

STARTUP: Would have started up in the fourth quarter of 2014, but canceled

on May 31 after open season ending May 30 failed to solicit sufficient shipper



PROJECT: Niobrara Falls Project

OPERATOR: NuStar Energy LP

ORIGIN/DESTINATION: New crude oil pipelines from gathering locations in the

Niobrara shale near Platteville and Watkins, Colorado, to a tie-in point on

NuStar's existing refined products pipeline that runs from McKee, Texas to

Denver. The products line will be reversed and converted to carry crude from

Denver to McKee, and then connected with NuStar's 14-inch Wichita Falls-to-McKee

crude line, which also will be reversed to move oil to Wichita Falls from McKee.

CAPACITY: 70,000 to 75,000 bpd for Colorado, 125,000 to 130,000 bpd for

Wichita Falls.

COST: n/a

STARTUP: Had been planned for 2013 and early 2014, but project canceled on

lack of shipper interest; could be revisited as Niobrara production increases

over the next two years.

Denton (Denny) Newman Jr.
I've worked at the Brainerd Dispatch with various duties since Dec. 7, 1983. Starting off as an Ad Designer and currently Director of Audience Development. The Dispatch has been an interesting and challenging place to work. I'm fortunate to have made many friends, both co-workers and customers.
(218) 855-5889