In 1991, Ukraine achieved independence with the dissolution of the USSR. On Feb. 23, 2022, Russia invaded Ukraine in what has been reported as "the biggest attack by one state against another in Europe since World War II." Several world leaders have denounced the attack and promise sanctions against Russia.
Check this page regularly for updated news and information related to the invasion.
- Capital: Kyiv
- Population: 43.7 million (July 2021 est.)
- Population Growth: -0.49% (2021 est.)
- Legislature: Unicameral Supreme Council or Verkhovna Rada (450 seats)
- Area: 233,031 square miles
- Historical: Ukraine was the center of the first eastern Slavic state, Kyivan Rus, which during the 10th and 11th centuries was the largest and most powerful state in Europe. Ukraine achieved independence in 1991 with the dissolution of the USSR.
- Economy: Lower middle-income non-EU Eastern European economy; major reforms after Maidan revolution; major wheat producer; industrial and energy exporter; persistent Russian interference and corruption weaken growth and investments; negatively impacted by COVID-19 pandemic.
- Language: Ukrainian (official) 67.5%, Russian (regional language) 29.6%, other 2.9% (2001 est.)
- Religion: Orthodox, Ukrainian Greek Catholic, Roman Catholic, Protestant, Muslim, Jewish (2013 est.)
- Natural resources: Ukraine has more recoverable reserves of uranium ores than any other European nation, and is second in the world in iron ore reserves (2010). The nation is third in Europe for shale gas reserves and has the world's fourth-largest natural gas pipeline system. “Roughly 20% of Europe’s gas passes through Ukraine and the country has the third-largest gas production and the fourth-largest gas market in Europe,” according to a 2007 Oxford Institue for Energy Studies report.
- Agriculture: Ukraine has more arable land than any other nation in Europe. It is the number one exporter of sunflowers and sunflower oil in the world (2019). The country is the world's fourth-largest exporter of corn (2019-2020), third in potato production (2019), and the number five exporter of wheat in the world (2020).
- More info about Ukraine.
Sources: CIA World Factbook; Snopes.com
LATEST RUSSIA/UKRAINE HEADLINES
1/20: Boys sit in a train to Dnipro and Lviv during an evacuation of civilians from war-affected areas of eastern Ukraine, amid Russia's invasion of the country, in Pokrovsk, Donetsk region, Ukraine, June 25, 2022.
2/20: Ukrainian servicemen travel on their armoured personnel carrier, amid Russia's invasion of the country, in Kostyantynivka, Donetsk region, Ukraine, June 25, 2022.
3/20: People watch as a defused 500kg bomb that did not detonate when it landed on an apartment building in March, is lowered from the roof by members of a specialised team that defuses and removes explosives, bombs, mines and other munitions in the Saltivka neighbourhood, as Russia’s attack on Ukraine continues, in Kharkiv, Ukraine, on June 23, 2022.
4/20: A local resident walks near shell craters following recent shelling during the Ukraine-Russia conflict in Donetsk, Ukraine on June 23, 2022.
5/20: Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelenskiy addresses the crowd at Worthy Farm in Somerset during the Glastonbury Festival in Britain, on June 24, 2022.
6/20: People attend a funeral ceremony for Oleh Kutsyn, commander of Karpatska Sich battalion, who was recently killed in a battle against Russian troops, as Russia's attack on Ukraine continues, in central Kyiv, Ukraine on June 22, 2022.
7/20: Ukrainians living in Belgium protest outside the European Council building, on the day leaders are set to meet to discuss giving Ukraine candidate status to join the European Union, as Russia's invasion of Ukraine continues, in Brussels, Belgium on June 23, 2022.
8/20: A newly installed direction sign "Donetsk People's Republic Square" is seen in front of the U.S. embassy in Moscow, Russia on June 22, 2022.
9/20: A worker from the war crimes prosecutor's office takes in the damage from overnight shelling that landed on a building of Kharkiv's Housing and Communal College as Russia's attack on Ukraine continues in Kharkiv, Ukraine, on June 21, 2022.
10/20: The body of Raisa Kozakova, 85, lies under the debris of her home after a shell hit her garden and killed her while she was collecting peas, according to her grandson, as Russia's attack on Ukraine continues in the industrial district in Kharkiv, Ukraine, on June 21, 2022.
11/20: A fire from a gas processing plant continues to burn behind a field of wheat after the plant was hit by shelling a few days prior in Andriivka in the Kharkiv region as Russia's attack on Ukraine continues in Ukraine on June 21, 2022.
12/20: Russian President Vladimir Putin attends a meeting with graduates of military academies on the eve of the 81st anniversary of the Nazi invasion of the Soviet Union in World War II in Moscow, Russia on June 21, 2022.
13/20: Dmitry Muratov speaks during the auction of his 2021 Nobel Peace Prize medal by Heritage Auctions in New York City on June 20, 2022.
14/20: Smoke and flame rise after a military strike on a compound of Sievierodonetsk's Azot Chemical Plant, as Russia's attack on Ukraine continues, in Lysychansk, Luhansk region, Ukraine on June 18, 2022.
15/20: People wait to board a train to Dnipro and Lviv during an evacuation effort from war-affected areas of eastern Ukraine, amid Russia's invasion of the country, in Pokrovsk, Donetsk region, Ukraine on June 18, 2022.
16/20: Ukrainian servicemen attend a funeral ceremony for their comrades Ivan Kerdman and Serhii Spodarenko, who were recently killed in a battle against Russian troops, as Russia's attack on Ukraine continues, in Lviv, Ukraine on June 17, 2022.
17/20: A man photographs the Russian-owned super yacht Amadea, seized in Fiji by American law enforcement, in Honolulu, Hawaii, on June 17, 2022.
18/20: Police officers distribute aid to local residents, amid Russia's attack on Ukraine, in the town of Krasnohorivka, in Donetsk region, Ukraine on June 16, 2022.
19/20: Ukrainian Minister for Communities and Territories Development Oleksiy Chernyshov shows a wartime map to French President Emmanuel Macron, German Chancellor Olaf Scholz, Italian Prime Minister Mario Draghi and Romanian President Klaus Iohannis (partially obscured) during their visit, as Russia's attack on Ukraine continues, in Irpin, near Kyiv, Ukraine on June 16, 2022.
20/20: The McDonald's logo is covered by fabric at a restaurant run by a franchisee at Finlandskiy railway station in Saint Petersburg, Russia on June 15, 2022.
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